In dealing with the complexity of military campaigns against militant organizations within densely populated areas, the Israeli Intelligence Corps has set up a new military role. In April, the first cohort of specialized big data analysts completed its training, according to several high-ranking officers in the corps who recently spoke to Calcalist. Calcalist withheld their identities for security reasons.
One of the new trainees’ first jobs was to trace money getting into the hands of Palestinian militant organization Hamas. In cracking down on Hamas’ money laundering methods, the Israeli military used data analysts to analyze large quantitative databases.
According to the officers, money was funneled in and out of Gaza via an intricate process in which Gazan merchants looking to procure goods transferred cash to money changers, who used foreign bank accounts holding money Hamas has raised overseas in order to make the purchase and collect their fee. The cash was then delivered directly to Hamas in Gaza.
“This method challenged us because these are not channels we could track,” Captain Y, an intelligence officer for the Israeli military, told Calcalist in an interview two weeks ago. “We did not know who the merchant or the money changers were, and we could not track them down using traditional espionage tools.”
“Identifying the merchants was not easy. It required working long hours on spreadsheets and performing a lot of searches,” Captain Y said. In recent months, after identifying the traffickers, the intelligence corps has cooperated with the Israel Customs Administration, to delay and confiscate merchandise that was used to offset funds for Hamas, he explained.
Israel relies heavily on pervasive signal intelligence capabilities in Gaza and the West Bank to combat terrorism. In past years, the Israeli government and military officials have made numerous references to the increased use of big data capabilities to counter terrorist attacks, including through social media monitoring.