Jerusalem, Israel - Mar. 28, 2024  - Every year before the spring holidays, the National Security Council (NSC) publishes an estimation of the threat of terrorism for Israelis traveling abroad. This is done to raise awareness among the Israeli public to the threat of terrorism in various locations around the world, because of the heightened threat of attacks against Israelis abroad, and in particular in light of Operation Iron Swords.

In the last few years there has been an ongoing escalation in the threat against Israelis abroad, which has only become more severe since the beginning of Operation Iron Swords (October 2023), as there is increased motivation on the part of terrorists around the world to carry out attacks. Most apparent is the growing threat from Iran, along with Hamas and Jihadi groups, which are vigorously promoting attacks against Israelis and Jews abroad. In the past few months, dozens of terrorist attacks against Israeli targets around the world have been thwarted. Given all this, more than five months since the beginning of the war the potential of terrorist threats against Israelis and Jews is extremely high.

Following is an outline of the main trends in threats towards Israelis and Jews abroad. Furthermore, for Israelis traveling abroad, an updated list of travel alerts for each country and recommended conduct can be found on the NSC website. The information is also available by phone at +972-2-6667444 (24/7, all year round).

Main Trends:

1. Iran and the Shia axis

Iran remains the main perpetrator of terrorism around the world. In the past few years, it has increased its attacks, either direct or by proxy and collaborators, against Israeli citizens and Jews around the world.

Dozens of attempted terrorist attacks against Israelis and Jews have been uncovered and thwarted by Israel. In 2021, for instance, a terrorist cell, operating on behalf of Iran, attempted to kill Israeli businesspeople in Cyprus. Prior to that, there was a similar attempt in Colombia, and the same thing happened in 2022 (in Türkiye and in Georgia) and in 2023 (in Greece and Cyprus, alongside Hezbollah operations in Latin America). It is important to note that this is only a sample of the incidents that were cleared for publication.

Since the beginning of Operation Iron Swords, we have identified increased efforts on behalf of Iran and its proxies to carry out attacks against Israelis and Jews all around the world.

Iranian terrorist organizations continue to try to establish contact with Israelis, either in Israel or abroad, under the guise of business ties or by impersonating others, with the goal of kidnapping or otherwise harming them (including through the use of cyber technology to gather information and lead to physical assault).


2. Hamas

Operation Iron Swords has seen a rise in Hamas' motivation to commit terrorist attacks against Israelis and Jews abroad. In December 2023, a broad Hamas infrastructure was uncovered in several countries in Northern Europe. The network was planning to attack Israeli targets in Sweden and Germany.


3. Global Jihad

Global Jihad and other radical Islamist organizations continue to plan and carry out terrorist attacks around the world (most of their efforts are focused on Africa, the Middle East, Asia and Europe, with sporadic attempts to carry out such activities in other countries in the world). For example, on March 22, ISIL terrorists carried out a mass casualty attack in Moscow, killing more than 100 people and injuring dozens more. Several weeks earlier, Russian security forces foiled an ISIL attack against a synagogue in Moscow.

It should be noted that since the beginning of Operation Iron Swords, these organizations have exhibited increased motivation to carry out attacks against Jews and Israelis around the world.

In the past few months, these organizations and their supporters have gained increased media presence, where they call for and encourage attacks on Jews and Israelis around the world. The main threat is posed by lone wolf attackers, who draw inspiration from the organizations and may carry out attacks against Israelis and Jews, like the recent attack in Switzerland (a Jew was stabbed on March 3). This has all worsened due to the war atmosphere, antisemitism and the unprecedented incitement against Israel.


4. Antisemitism and the extreme right

Alongside the threat of terrorism by radical Islam, the past few months have seen a significant increase in anti-Israel and anti-Jewish incitement (in social media, media, etc.), and a significant increase in expressions of antisemitism and violence in many countries around the world, including France, Germany, the UK, the US, Canada and Australia. A Jewish man was murdered in LA, an employee of the Israeli embassy in China was stabbed, a Jewish woman was stabbed in France, and Israeli journalist was attacked in Berlin, several incidents were reported in Canada in which Jewish properties were shot at, and hundreds of other violent incidents.

Jewish communities are a main target for extreme right-wing terrorism, their religious and community institutions are preferred targets, and Jewish holidays are especially sensitive times. In recent years, religious institutions were attacked across Europe and America, because of antisemitism.

Israelis are prohibited from entering enemy countries,

Israeli law categorically prohibits any travel to enemy countries (Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Yemen and Iran), including for citizens holding additional citizenships who present foreign passports. While staying in these countries, Israeli citizens are at increased risk of kidnapping and/or physical harm.


It is important to note that all the travel alerts are up to date and available to the public on the travel alert website. The higher the alert level, the higher the risk that terrorist activity will be carried out in that country. Several countries should be especially avoided at this time: Türkiye, Morocco, Egypt (including Sinai) and Jordan. 

Those planning to travel must seriously consider their destination, and the necessity of travelling to countries with a threat level of moderate or higher (levels 3 and 4). In any event, practice the precautionary measures on every trip. These are:

1. Try to avoid busy places (such as shopping malls, markets) and places that are identified as frequented by Israelis, Jews and Westerners.

2. Remain extra alert in public places (including restaurants, hotels, bars, etc.)

3. Avoid openly displaying signs of your Israeli identity.

4. Avoid attending large events that are not secured by local authorities.

5. Avoid posting travel information on social media, including photos and destinations, before travelling or at real time.


It is noted that these travel alerts do not refer to those travelling to a country on a connecting flight, unless the connection is in an enemy country (Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Iran, Yemen) or a country with a high alert level (Libya, Algeria, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Somalia). Furthermore, when planning your trip abroad, we recommend ensuring that the flight path does not pass over enemy countries.


The National Security Council (NSC) (Hebrew: המטה לביטחון לאומי HaMateh leBitachon Leumi) is Israel's central body for coordination, integration, analysis and monitoring in the field of national security and is the staff forum on national security for the Israeli Prime Minister and Government.