Stone or Stones
When Yaakov lay down to sleep at Har Hamoriyah, he placed multiple rocks around his head.[1] When he awoke, the Torah tells us that he used the one rock (he had set by his head) to build a matzeivah (monument).[2] First, we read of “stones” in the plural, then of “the stone” in the singular. Which one was it? Did Yaakov use many stones or just a single one?

Rashi (quoting the gemara[3]) explains that each rock wanted the honor of supporting Yaakov Avinu's head. The stones began quarreling, saying, “Upon me shall this righteous person rest his head.[4] To satisfy them, Hashem fused them into a single rock that served as Yaakov’s pillow. Hence, when Yaakov awoke, he “took the stone” (in the singular) since all the stones had become one.

The Message

Rav YY Jacobson[5] asks:

What is the symbolism behind this imagery? What is the meaning of stones quarreling with each other and then reaching a state of peace by congealing into one? One more obvious question: How did merging diverse stones into a single entity satisfy their complaint?

Even after the stones congealed into a single large rock, Jacob's head rested on only one part of the stone. So why didn’t the other parts of the stone lament that his head was not on them?

Rav Jacobson quotes the Lubavitcher Rebbe, who explained:

The fighting between the stones was not caused because each one wanted the tzaddik's head; it was because they were separate stones. When the stones become one, the fighting ceases because when you feel one with the other, you don’t mind if the head of the righteous one rests upon him. His victory is your victory; his loss is your loss because you are one.

The episode with the stones reflects a profound spiritual truth about human relationships. Many conflicts — in families, communities, synagogues, organizations, corporations, and movements — stem from everyone’s fear that someone else will end up with the “head,” and you will be “thrown under the bus.” But we can view each other in two distinct ways: as “diverse stones” and as a “single stone.”

Both are valid perspectives and fair interpretations of reality. The first is superficial; the second demands profound reflection and sensitivity. Superficially, we are indeed separate. You are you; I am I. We are strangers. I want the head; you want the head. So we quarrel. On a deeper level, though, we are one. The universe, humanity, the Jewish people — constitute a single organism. On this level, we are indeed part of one essence. Then, I do not mind if you get the head because you and I are one.

Initially, the stones operated on a superficial level of consciousness, thus quarreling about who would get to lie under Jacob’s head. But Jacob inspired in them a deeper consciousness, allowing them, for that night, to see themselves as a single stone, even while they were in different positions.


This is the basis of true Achdut.

We often experience Achdut in a technical, utilitarian way: we come together to face a common enemy or accomplish a mutual mission.

Meaningful Achdut is rooted in a deeper principle and inspired by a higher goal. It reflects our recognition that we are all existentially one organism with one soul. This is how the mefarshim[6] explain why the Torah introduces the prohibition against divisiveness (lo titgodedu) with the phrase “banim atem laHashem Elokeichem — you are Hashem’s children.”[7] We are all Hashem’s sons, making us all brothers. We need to

unify because we represent Hashem in this world. We need to be one because He is. “Atah echad, v’shimchah echad, u’mi k’amcha goy echad ba’aretz.

Rav Kook[8] saw this as a central tenet of Judaism. He, therefore, viewed any attempt to divide the Jewish community as equivalent to Shlomo Hamelech’s “suggestion” to cut the (disputed) baby in half. Dividing the Jewish people is as inconceivable and as morally repugnant as dividing (and thus killing) a living human being.

Acheinu — WorldWide Jewish Unity

The Acheinu Worldwide Jewish Unity movement aims to help us internalize this view of Achdut. We are working to ensure that the Achdut efforts that have emerged in countries worldwide following Simchat Torah extend beyond the context and duration of the war.

We are encouraging Jews and Jewish communities around the world to respond to the attacks against us by reinforcing our view of ourselves as one nation, even while we remain scattered across the globe. This is how we ought to react to the attacks caused by our divisiveness.

Beyond the Global Siyum

Tens of thousands of us studied Mishnayot in memory of those killed on Simchat Torah. Acheinu allowed us to do so together with Jews around the country and the world. Thousands attended the Acheinu Global Siyum this past Sunday, which featured World Leaders, Chief Rabbis, and Roshei Yeshiva, who all focused on Achdut and achieving it.

May their words inspire us to reinforce our Achdut efforts on the personal, communal, and international planes. May these efforts merit the One God’s continued ingathering and protection of His chosen unified people in His land.

For more information about the Acheinu Jewish WorldWide Unity Program and to sign up for initiatives, see

Rav Reuven Taragin is the Dean of Overseas Students at Yeshivat Hakotel and the Educational Director of World Mizrachi.

[1] Bereishit 28:11.

[2] Ibid 28:18.

[3] Masechet Chullin 91a.

[4] See Mesillas Yesharim (Perek 1) who explains that every part of creation seeks to help those dedicated to fulfilling Hashem’s Will.

[5] “The Battle of the Stones,”

[6] Ritv”a Yevamot 13b, Gur Aryeh Devarim 14:1.

[7] Devarim 14:1

[8] Orot HaTechiyah 20.