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Parshas Aikev: Hold On!

We often make reference to ‘the Ten Commandments’, those famous words uttered by G-d, that were etched into the stone tablets at Mount Sinai. The pr...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 24, 2016 - 20 Menachem Av - Forgot To Say Asher Yotsar Can I Say It A While Later?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 24, 2016 /  20 Menchem Av 5776 - Forgot To Say Asher Yotsar Can I Say It A While Later? ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 23, 2016 - 19 Menachem Av - Can I Sometimes Clean Up The Shalosh Seudos Table On Shabbos?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 23, 2016 /  19 Menchem Av 5776 -  Can I Sometimes Clean Up The Shalosh Seudos Table On Shabb...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 22, 2016 - 18 Menachem Av - Dark Room for Shalosh Seudos Speech?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 22, 2016 /  18 Menchem Av 5776 - Dark Room for Shalosh Seudos Speech? ...

   
 

Under the Big Top

Since parshas Eikev teaches that “all Hashem wants from us is to fear Him,” it is an opportune time to discuss:  Under the Big Top “Why...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 21, 2016 - 17 Menachem Av - Fruit for Shalaosh Seudos?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. , 2016 /  Menchem Av 5776 - Fruit for Shalaosh Seudos? ...

   
 

Parshas VaEschanan - Die Another Year

Mazal Tov to my niece Rochel Leah (née Shonek) on her marriage to Shua Grunwald this past Monday. Mazal Tov to the extended Shonek, Bulka and Jakobovits ...

   
 

Rabbi Shmuel Silber on Parshas VaEschanan - True Consolation

Each and every Shabbos is a special, meaningful and holy experience.  But some Shabbasos seem to distinguish themselves from the rest. Shabbos Bereishis fi...

   
 

Parshas VaEschanan - The Sophisticated Understanding

In this week’s Parsha, Vaeschanan, we have a most beautiful mitzvah but it needs clarification. The Torah instructs us “You shall do what is appropr...

   
 

Parshas VaEschanan - Contemplate Before Pouncing

[Ed. Note] Out of the respect and recognition of the impact made by longtime BJL friend and contributor, Reb Shaya Gross, z’l, we will maintain a living m...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 19, 2016 - 15 Menachem Av (Tu B'Av) - Is It Hypocritical That We Celebrate On Shabbos Nachamu?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. , 2016 /  Menchem Av 5776 - Is It Hypocritical That We Celebrate On Shabbos Nachamu? ...

   
 

“The Crucifix-Shaped Scar” A Moral Dilemma for the Shabbos Table

This week’s Torah portion discusses the mitzva to put tefillin on the head and on the left hand (Devarim 6:8). The commentaries explain that the mitzva of...

   
 

Parshas VaEschanan: Judaism - Beyond A Shadow Of A Doubt

When describing the monumental event of the giving of the Torah at Har Sinai, this week’s Parshah makes a point to repeatedly state, after every detail, t...

   
 

The Great “Open Milk Bottle Controversy”

The controversy has been raging on for close to two decades now. And it has appeared at various venues. There is an Exxon Station on Route 9 in Lakewood, New J...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 18, 2016 - 14 Menachem Av - Other Great Things That Happened On The 15th Of Av

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. , 18, 2016 /  14 Menchem Av 5776 -  Other Great Things That Happened On The 15th Of Av ...

   
 

Tu B'Av and the Secret to Good Marriage

Tu B’Av is a day which many people associate with weddings, and for good reason. While the Gemara provides a whole list of events that happened to the Jew...

   
 

Parshas VaEschanan - Who can Legislate Morality?

If there is no God, everything is permitted. - Fyodor Dostoevsky No one understands better than the Jew that God is the foundation not only for behavior &ndas...

   
 

Parshas VaEschanan - The Never Ending Song

This year with the coincidence of the ninth of Av with Shabbos and our observing the fast of Tisha B’Av on the tenth of Av, the transition from profound m...

   
 

Listen to Rabbi Moshe Hauer Parshas Va'Eschanan - Consolation in Destruction (Audio)

Listen to Rabbi Moshe Hauer Parshas Va'Eschanan - Consolation in Destruction  Click here to lsiten...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 17, 2016 - 13 Menachem Av - Amazing Thing That Happened On The 15th Of Av!

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 17, 2016 /  13 Menchem Av 5776  A mazing Thing That Happened On The 15th Of Av! ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 15, 2016 - 11 Menachem Av - No Music Ever?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug.15, 2016 /  11 Menchem Av 5776 -  No Music Ever? ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 16, 2016 - 12 Menachem Av - We Celebrate 15th Of Av Because Of What?!

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 16, 2016 /  12 Menchem Av 5776 -  We Celebrate 15th Of Av Because Of What?! ...

   
 

The Spurned Shadchan

The phone rings. Mrs. Weinberg,* a Lakewood* shadchan who often calls to ask shaylos, is on the line. “I suggested that a local girl meet a bachur who is...

   
 

Tisha B'Av 5776

In the aveilus for Yerushalayim, the nine days have the same din as sheloshim, and Tish’ah B’Av has the same din as shiva. It is real aveilus to be ...

   
 

Listen to Rabbi Moshe Hauer Parshas Devarim Moshe's Conquest - 7th Aliyah (Audio)

Listen to Rabbi Moshe Hauer Parshas Devarim Moshe's Conquest - 7th Aliyah Click here to listen...

   
 

Rabbi Shmuel Silber: Building Unity, One Step at a Time: A Special Series for the Three Weeks Part IV: Finding the Right Perspective

This series is dedicated in memory of Hallel Ariel Hy’d and Rabbi Miki Mark Hy’d; two precious neshamos (souls) who gave so much and had so much mor...

   
 

Parshas Devarim - The Journey Is Coming To An End

I’m feeling okay about the nine days this year. Even Tisha B’Av! That may sound radical, so let’s explain why. The Talmud (Yoma 5) describes ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 11, 2016 - 7 Menachem Av - Appropriate To Go To Cemetery On Tisha B'Av?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 11, 2016 /  7 Menchem Av 5776 -  Appropriate To Go To Cemetery On Tisha B'Av? ...

   
 

"Jamming at an Outdoor Concert" A Moral Dilemma for the Shabbos Table

This week’s Torah portion discusses the mitzva for Jewish courts to adjudicate cases that come before them (Dvarim 1,16). The following interesting and &n...

   
 

Parshas Devarim - Patriotism: It’s Worth Crying Over

Patriotism: It’s Worth Crying Over This Shabbos is the day of Tisha b’Av, the saddest day on the Jewish calendar. Instead of focusing our attentio...

   
 

Parshas Devarim - Og Slept Here!

Moshe recalls the remarkable victories we experienced over the mighty warrior, Sichon, the king of Cheshbon, and his giant brother, Og, the king of Bashan. The...

   
 

Parshas Devarim - Parallel Lives: Three Weeks to Recreate a Bond of Love, Respect and Passion

A successful marriage requires falling in love many times, always with the same person  - Mignon McLaughlin We are decidedly troubling beings.  We a...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 10, 2016 - 6 Menachem Av - Havdala Candle This Saturday Night?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 10, 2016 /  6 Menchem Av 5776 - Havdala Candle This Saturday Night? ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 9, 2016 - 5 Menachem Av - Smartphones on Tisha B'Av?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 9, 2016 /  5 Menchem Av 5776 - Smartphones on Tisha B'Av? ...

   
 

Parshas Devarim/Tisha B'Av - Ahavas Yisrael

 One of the issues which we read about in this past week’s parshas (Matos-Masei) was the desire of the tribe of Reuven and the tribe of Gad to settle...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 8, 2016 - 4 Menachem Av - What Do You Say When You Pick Up Your Phone On Tisha B'Av?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 8, 2016 /  4Menchem Av 5776 - What Do You Say When You Pick Up Your Phone On Tisha B'Av? ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 7, 2016 - 3 Menachem Av - Deodorant on Tisha B'Av?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 7, 2016 /  3Menchem Av 5776 - Deodorant on Tisha B'Av?   ...

   
 

Parshas Matos/Massei - Division is Not Exact

Some time after the victorious military campaign against Midyan, (31:25-47), all of the booty - humans and animals - is counted and divided in two. One half is ...

   
 

Listen to Rabbi Moshe Hauer on Maharal on the Parshas Matos Masei - Moshe's Prophesy, The War Against Midian, When Blood is Cheap (Audio)

Maharal on the Parsha - Matos Masei - Moshe's Prophesy, The War Against Midian, When Blood is Cheap Click here to listen...

   
 

How To Make Havdalah During the 9 Days

Have you given any thought to how you are going to make Havdalah this Motzai Shabbos? The proper way to perform Havdalah the Motzai Shabbos preceding Tisha B&rs...

   
 

From Rosh Chodesh Av – The Nine Days

EATING MEAT AND DRINKING WINE The Gemara forbids eating meat as part of the last meal before Tishah B’Av. Nonetheless, it is the custom of all Israel n...

   
 

Parshas Matos/Massei - The Boundaries of Liberty

We are now ending the second week of the period known as The Three Weeks, which are the three weeks of retribution during  which we experienced the dest...

   
 

Parshas Matos/Massei - Easing the Pain

[Ed. Note] Out of the respect and recognition of the impact made by longtime BJL friend and contributor, Reb Shaya Gross, z’l, we will maintain a living m...

   
 

Rabbi Shmuel Silber on Building Unity, One Step at a Time: A Special Series for the Three Weeks Part III: Room for Everyone

“Mi’shenichnas Av, Mi’maatin B’Simcha, When the month of Av enters we diminish our joy (Mishna, Tractate Taanis 26a)” These are d...

   
 

"Made a Pledge, But it was a False Positive" A Moral Dilemma for the Shabbos Table

This week’s Torah portion discuses the mitzva of nedarim, of keeping a vow or a promise that one has made. The Torah teaches that it is very important to ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 5, 2016 - 1 Menachem Av - Rosh Chodesh - Medicine on Tisha B'Av?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 5, 2016 /  1 Menchem Av  (Rosh Chodesh) 5776 - Medicine on Tisha B'Av? ...

   
 

Parhsas Matos/Massei - Felling Giants

Do you ever find yourself wondering who will remember you after you leave this world? There seems to be a human instinct to be remembered even after we have go...

   
 

Parhsas Matos/Massei - A Light Unto The Nations

In Parshas Balak, Balak and Bila’am decided to attack the Jewish nation. After their attempts to curse the Jewish nation failed, they convinced the nation...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 4, 2016 - 29 Tammuz - Mouthwash on Tisha B'Av?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 4, 2016 /  29 Tammuz 5776 -  Mouthwash on Tisha B'Av? ...

   
 

Parshas Matos- Masei:- In the World of the World - Kashering and the Art of Living

Oye. Is there a better expression of what it means to exist in our current political and social moment? I once met a man who was a member of his local communi...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 3, 2016 - 28 Tammuz - Who Is Turnus Rufus? What Does He Have To Do With Tisha B'Av?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 3, 2016 /  28Tammuz 5776 - Who Is Turnus Rufus? What Does He Have To Do With Tisha B'Av? ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 2, 2016 - 27 Tammuz - Switch Into Tisha B'Av Shoes While It Is Still Shabbos?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 2, 2016 /  27 Tammuz 5776 - Switch Into Tisha B'Av Shoes While It Is Still Shabbos? ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 2, 2016 - 26 Tammuz - Switch Into Tisha B'Av Shoes While It Is Still Shabbos?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. , 2016 /  Tammuz 5776 - Switch Into Tisha B'Av Shoes While It Is Still Shabbos? ...

   
 

Listen to Rabbi Moshe Hauer on Parshas Matos- Masei: Creative Ahavas Hashem (Audio)

Parshas Matos discusses a person who makes a neder (vow) and must keep what he says, unless it is absolved. Although in many situations vows are not viewed pos...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - Aug., 1, 2016 - 26 Tammuz - Guests at The Last Meal of Shabbos Right Before Tisha B'Av?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  Aug. 1, 2016 /  26 Tammuz 5776 - Guests at The Last Meal of Shabbos Right Before Tisha B'Av? ...

   
 

The Borders: How Much is Ours?

Question #1: Exotic Island Frui “According to my grocer, this fruit grew on an island in the Mediterranean that is directly west of Israel. Is it prohibi...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 31, 2016 - 25 Tammuz - Meat and Wine at the Third Meal Right Before Tisha B'Av?

Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 31, 2016 /  25Tammuz 5776 - Meat and Wine at the Third Meal Right Before Tisha B'Av? ...

   
 

Parshas Pinchas - Finding One’s Unique Purpose

“Hee’n’nee no’sain lo es bree’see shalom ’  v Behold – I give hime My covenant of peace"  Numbers 25:12 Rab...

   
 

Parshas Pinechas - No Mercy

Throughout chumash, we find examples of gratitude and compassion some of which are rather surprising. The most significant that come to mind are Moshe’s n...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 29, 2016 - 23 Tammuz - Shine Shoes During 9 Days?

Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 29, 2016 / 23 Tammuz 5776 - Shine Shoes During 9 Days? ...

   
 

Listen to Rabbi Moshe Hauer on Parshas Pinchas - Succos and Churban - 7th Aliyah (Audio)

Succos and Churban - 7th Aliyah Click here to listen...

   
 

Parshas Pinchas - Peace

[Ed. Note] Out of the respect and recognition of the impact made by longtime BJL friend and contributor, Reb Shaya Gross, z’l, we will maintain a living m...

   
 

Parshas Pinchas - Wired to Connect

In reward for his courageous act, Pinchas is promised by G-d that He will give him ‘His covenant of peace’. The word used for peace is שלום. Th...

   
 

Building Unity, One Step at a Time: A Special Series for the Three Weeks Part II: The Blessing of all Blessings

This series is dedicated in memory of Hallel Ariel Hy’d and Rabbi Miki Mark Hy’d; two precious neshamos (souls) who gave so much and had so much mor...

   
 

Parshas Pinchas -True Strength

At the conclusion of last week’s parshah, Bila’am recommended to Balak a last resort to harm the Jewish nation: entice them to sin with the Midianit...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 28, 2016 - 22 Tammuz - New Socks During The 9 Days?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 28, 2016 /  22 Tammuz 5776 - New Socks During The 9 Days? ...

   
 

"Stopped at the Funeral Home, Received a Check of $100,000" A Moral Dilemma for the Shabbos Table

This week’s Torah portion discusses the mitzva of inheritance (see (Bamidbar 27:8) Rabbi Yitzchak Zilberstein related the following fascinating story tha...

   
 

Parshas Pinchas - Zealotry in Pursuit of Dissension

We live in a time not just of paradox but of extreme impulses that call to mind Yeats, “Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 27, 2016 - 21 Tammuz - Change Tablecloth For Shabbos During 9 Days? Linen?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 27, 2016 /  21Tammuz 5776 - Change Tablecloth For Shabbos During 9 Days? Linen? ...

   
 

Listen to Rabbi Moshe Hauer on Parshas Pinchas - The Moral Instinct (Audio)

Pinchas instilled a sense of mission within the Jewish people and the ability to react to the call of duty and stand up for what is right. Often, Hashem is wait...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 25, 2016 - 19 Tammuz - Can I Make A Siyum During The 9 Days On One Chapter?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 25, 2016 /  19Tammuz 5776 - Can I Make A Siyum During The 9 Days On One Chapter?  ...

   
 

Sifting the Makom HaMikdash

Recently, someone asked me a shaylah that involves what is probably one of the most heart-breaking issues I was ever asked. The question was: “Are there a...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 24, 2016 - 18 Tammuz - What Do I Do On The Fast?

 Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 24, 2016 /  18Tammuz 5776 - What Do I Do On The Fast? ...

   
 

Parshas Balak - Can You Hear Me Now?

This past Thursday, 15 Tammuz, was the yahrzeit of my wife's grandmother, Mrs. Shirley Yeres, Chaya Sheindel bas Alexander. The previous day was...

   
 

Listen to Rabbi Moshe Hauer on Parshas Balak: Maharal on the Parsha - Balak - Three Stops of the Donkey, The Small and Infinite Dust (Audio)

Maharal on the Parsha - Balak - Three Stops of the Donkey, The Small and Infinite Dust Click here to listen...

   
 

Parshas Balak - Humility VS Conceit

[Ed. Note] Out of the respect and recognition of the impact made by longtime BJL friend and contributor, Reb Shaya Gross, z’l, we will maintain a living m...

   
 

Parshas Balak - Rise Up & Change!

Klal Yisroel were instructed not to wage war with Moav. Moav should have been relatively confident that they were not threatened by Klal Yisroel’s proximi...

   
 

"I Accidentally Read the Doctor's Mail, Can I Tell the Management?" A Moral Dilemma for the Shabbos Table

This week’s Torah portion talks about the blessings that Balaam gave to the Jewish people. In one of his more famous blessings, he said “How good ar...

   
 

Parshas Balak - Junk Food For The Soul

I don’t usually comment on world events but it’s difficult not to comment on the recent news from France, as some kind of response is needed .What...

   
 

Parshas Balak - “Why Have You Struck Me These Three Times?”

“Va’yeef’tach Hashem es pi ha’ason va’tomer l’Bilam, ‘Meh ah’see’see l’cha ki hee’kee’sa...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 22, 2016 - 16 Tammuz - Uh Oh Shabbos Is The 17 Of Tamuz! What Do I Do?

Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 22, 2016 /  16 Tammuz 5776 - Uh Oh Shabbos Is The 17 Of Tamuz! What Do I Do?  ...

   
 

Rabbi Shmuel Silber on Building Unity, One Step at a Time: A Special Series for the Three Weeks Part I: Learning to Disagree

This essay is the first of a multi-part series on Jewish unity.  This series is dedicated in memory of Hallel Ariel Hy’d and Rabbi Miki Mark Hy&rsquo...

   
 

Parshas Balak - Stop To Smell The Roses

When Bila’am was traveling on his donkey to curse the Jewish nation, Hashem sent His angel of mercy to stop him (22:22). Despite his donkey refusing to mo...

   
 

When Do The Three Weeks Begin?

Several years ago, a certain Talmid Chacham could not find an available wedding hall to marry off his daughter. The only open date was the night of Shiva Assar ...

   
 

Parshas Balak - Good Eye – Good Heart

This week’s Parsha, Balak, presents before us the story of Bilam, the man with the world's greatest ability to curse. Bilam’s power of cursing ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 21, 2016 - 15 Tammuz - Chicken During 9 Days?

Baltimore, MD - Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 21, 2016 /  15 Tammuz 5776 -  Chicken During 9 Days? ...

   
 

Parshas Balak - Calm Your Liver

Each day we pray for understanding. In the blessing of Daas-Wisdom, in the Shemona Esrei, we beseech G-d to grant us wisdom and understanding. There is an anom...

   
 

Parshas Balak - Longing for Light; The Jewish Year and the Spiritual Quest

As we enjoy the light of the summer sun, basking in its delightful warmth, it is possible to ask, “Have we gotten our calendar all wrong?  Are our lo...

   
 

The Three Weeks: The Parchment Burned...The Letters Ascended...(Photos)

We cried out to the Eternal from the harsh sting of Pharaoh’s whip.  We wept by the waters of Babylon, bereft that our glorious Temple had been destr...

   
 

Shaving And Haircuts During The Three Weeks

 Question #1: Bushy presenter “My company sent me out of town to meet a new client, and I forgot to have my hair cut before Shiva Asar BeTamuz. May ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 20, 2016 - 14 Tammuz - Decorating During 3 Weeks ? 9 Days?

Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 20, 2016 /  14 Tammuz 5776 - Decorating During 3 Weeks ? 9 Days?  ...

   
 

Listen to Rabbi Moshe Hauer on Parshas Balak: Seeing and Speaking (Audio)

In the third aliyah of Parshas Balak, Bilaam's donkey speaks to him when he sees the donkey blocking their path. There are many elements of the story rel...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 19, 2016 - 13 Tammuz - Nail Cutting During 3 Weeks?

Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 19, 2016 /  13 Tammuz 5776 - Nail Cutting During 3 Weeks?  ...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 18, 2016 - 12 Tammuz - New Shoes During the 3 Weeks?

Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 18, 2016 /  12 Tammuz 5776  New Shoes During the 3 Weeks?  ...

   
 

Tzaar Baalei Chayim

In Chutz La’aretz, this week parshas Balak is read, and in Eretz Yisroel, this is one of the rare years when we read parshas Pinchas before the Three Week...

   
 

Watch: Daily Dvar Halacha - July 17, 2016 - 11 Tammuz - All Music Prohibited During the 3 Weeks?

Baltimore, MD  Daily Dvar Halacha -  July 17, 2016 /  11 Tammuz 5776 - All Music Prohibited During the 3 Weeks?  ...

   
 

Parshas Chukas - Make Aliyah!

Today, 9 Teves, is the first yahrtzeit of my sister-in-law, Batsheva Yeres. The shtikle is dedicated le’iluy nishmasah, Batsheva Blima, a”h bas HaRa...

   
 

Parshas Chukas - Live Normally

We mentioned last week that Parshas Chukas begins a new epoch in Jewish history. We have new people who comprise Klal Yisroel. For almost 38 years, there was no...

   
 

Parshas Chukas - The Logic Of The Heart

The Kotzker Rebbe is reported to have instructed his Gabbai to seek a Chazan with a good heart. A good heart, he said, is so much more powerful than a good vo...